Saturday, February 23, 2019
Mis Answers to Cases Essay
MSU-Iligan Institute of TechnologyCollege of patronage Administration and accounting systemSchool of Graduate StudiesMASTER IN BUSINESS MANAGEMENT course of instructionIligan CityREAL WORLD CASE 1Toyota Europe, Campbell dope up Company,Sony Pictures, and W.W. Grainger. devising the Case for green light intriguersToyota Europe, Campbell dope Company,Sony Pictures, and W.W. Grainger. Making the Case for go-ahead ArchitectsSubmitted toprof Adrian Galido, PhDSubmitted bySandee Angeli M. VillartaSeptember 4, 2013Toyota Europe, Campbell Soup Company,Sony Pictures, and W.W. Grainger. Making the Case forEnterprise ArchitectsToyota Europe, Campbell Soup Company,Sony Pictures, and W.W. Grainger. Making the Case forEnterprise ArchitectsREAL WORLD CASE 1-1. What does the position of opening move architect entail? What qualifications or experiences would you think a peachy first step architect should have? Support your answer with examples from the case.An opening architect positio n involves knowing the underway technology in the endeavour in respect of its usage efficiency two in worldly cost and output resulting in good productivity and fin wholey huge gains, or whether the technology in theatrical role is still competitive or on its stage of fall such that when the technology is about to buy the farm obsolete or has outlived its profitableness to the enterprise, the enterprise architect has to tell it all to the top management and of course the new technology to be select in lieu of the old one. This is because among the job of the enterprise architect is to map, peg down/redefine, gather data, standardize technology and transmission line processes and to translate these into an architectural salute (macro visit) to make the line of merchandise kick the bucket as a whole, but commensurate to stool in individual flips within the macro, non wholly at present but in addition in the future.Experience gained from IT, Service, Distributor s of Heavy Equipment, market and Service companies ar preferred. Courses such Engineering, IT, trading and Marketing and from Masteral Courses in Business centering are favored though early(a) courses whitethorn also produce better enterprise architects.The case of Toyota Europe shows a good example that its enterprise architect was able to make its enterprise scheme worked in the present environment and successfully carried it into the contemplated future. That is why its Chief Architect Mr. Heinchkein was able to give a good account of what the job of the enterprise architect should be for that is exactly what he had done to Toyota Europe.The experience of Campbell Soup Corp. when it implemented the c oncept of enterprise architect found it very useful from its description that the enterprise architects work sees to it the best is served for the enterprise as a whole against the individual department and individual projects for things are being centralized and therefore har monized with optimum efficiency as part of its architectural appeal.Enterprise computer architecture (EA) is a contested destination that refers to the architecture of an enterprisean organized complex of people and technologiesand the activity of describing or conventioning enterprises.Enterprise IT Architecting. According to this category, the purpose of EA is the greater alignment among IT and Business concerns. The main purpose of EA is to guide the process of readying and design the IT/IS capabilities of an enterprise in order to meet desired organizational objectives. Typically, architecture proposals and decisions are limited to the IT/IS aspects of the enterprise other aspects only serve as infixs.Goal Create unityQualifications* Focus on four crucial Cs connection, collaboration, communication, and customers. * UNITY Establish IT that enables business strategy straighta mood and tomorrow * mustiness map, define, and standardize technology, data, and business proce sses to make that possible * Must have both Macro and Micro view.Macro Understand the business strategy and translate this into an architectural antennaMicro Ability to work with individual projects and deliver very concrete guidance to these projects that focus on the successful delivery of the individual project within that macro view * Must know how to bridge silos* Transforms tech-speak into the language of business solutions * Knows what technology is involve to enable business strategy * Acts like a city plannerProvide Road maps, zoning, common requirements, regulations, and strategy, only that he does this in a company. * Desires to serve what is best for the enterprise vs. the individual department or project Andy Croft, Campbell Soup Companys VP of IT plowshared services. * Holistic Approach flavor at the bigger perspective take a step put up and try to understand what problem the proposed project will solve.Is there already a solution that covers the proposed area being researched?Does the proposed project fit into the wider furnish?* Ensures that the pieces of the wider-picture puzzle fit together Heinckiens * Should create compliance standards* Should provide the unavoidable data that are useful and relevant to every(prenominal)one in the company. (blueprint) Who owns the data?Who should ask over permission to access the data?* Must be a parting that many kinds of people can understand Tim Ferrarell, CIO and senior VP of enterprise systems at W.W. Grainger. * Should think at a strategic level and all the way down to the operating level * Should understand how to move and down that fibril of abstraction * Know how to deal with conflicts and trade-offs* Has to gain the confidence of the senior leadership team. * Vision Must understand how the company works, where it wants to go, and how technology helps or hinders. So that effective working relationships can bloom.Should have business and technical knowledge.* Enterprise architects continuously reinforce to business-side counterparts the expected returns on IT projects as the temptation to strike down spending grows. * Architecture plan to ensure that IT provides a competitive favor2. Consider the different companies mentioned in the case and their experiences with enterprise architecture. Does this approach wait to work better in certain types of companies or industries than in others? why or why not?Experiences of the four respective companies mentioned have worked successfully in their enterprises. It is submitted, however, that the difference of business nature and other factors attendant to particular(prenominal) line of business, objet dart admitting that every enterprise indisputably needs to adopt current technology and may need enterprise architect, the degree of success accomplish thereof varies. The peculiarity of a certain business enterprise may require less the participation of enterprise architect.The old adage that the only permanent thin g in this world is change truly applies to every enterprise. This being so, one business strategy may be copied totally or partly with varying degree of success and some sequences regular(a) dismal failure. This also means that for a period of time this enterprise architectural approach may work but not for a lifetime as is approach or strategy may be outmoded or rendered obsolete with the advent of new environment and technology, among others.3. What is the economic value derived from companies with mature enterprise architectures? Can you see any disadvantages?When the state of develop enterprise architectures is reached, it is also expected that the level best benefits in terms of business profit margins, stability of the enterprise, expansion of business and formation of new enterprises, and yet the production of new products and services are also attained with maximum efficiency and productivity. However, note must be taken of the fact that once maturity is attained there are accompanying disadvantages such as the deceleration of upward movement and may have even reached its peak. at one time one is at its peak, the likely thing to happen is for to slide down. maturity in any undertaking has also its corresponding negative aspect. much(prenominal) as the lukewarm attitude towards going into new discoveries and therefore leave alone itself to be drowned into the depth of obsolescence. Or the belief that since these enterprises with matured architectures that they are at the top, they tend to rest on their laurels and think that nobody could hedge them in terms of finding new and innovative ways to mend the lot of enterprises. When they are in on this stage, they are likely to bring an imminent loss.REAL WORLD ACTIVITIES1. Service-oriented architecture (SOA) is a recent approach to systems development and implementation that has much in common (and some differences, as well) with enterprise architecture. Go online and research the similarities an d differences. Prepare a report to take up your work.Service-oriented architecture is a client/ host software design approach in which an practise consists of software services and software service consumers (also know as clients or service requesters). SOA differs from the to a greater extent general client/server model in its definitive emphasis on loose uniting between software components, and in its use of separately standing interfaces.both aim to address issues on the enterprise level (strategy and planning, reference architecture, and so on), and at the same time their governance models are similar. An enterprise thats adopting SOA while developing EA and its governances may encounter problems if the similarities and overlaps between EA and SOA are not recognized and accounted for.Architecture domains similarities and differencesThe side by side(p) summarizes the similarities and differences when considering the concepts of architecture in both SOA and EASimilaritiesSOA a nd EA domains share many similarities. For example* both(prenominal) address similar architectural domains.* Both are intended to closely align IT with business.* Both use input based on business objectives.* Both require similar strategies and planning activities.DifferencesWhile the focus of the EA architecture domains is on the macro level, the SOA architecture domains work on a micro level. More specifically * EA focuses on define business components, while SOA focuses on business services. * EA deals with application frameworks and enterprise applications, while SOAs scope is on service modeling only. * EA deals with enterprise-level infrastructure including servers, databases, and so on, while SOA focuses on the infrastructure that supports services, namely the Enterprise Service Bus. * EA addresses enterprise integration patterns and when they should be used, including point-to-point integrationfile transfer, and other traditional application integration approachesPotential ProblemsBecause of the overlap in the architecture domains of both EA and SOA, the following potential problems may arise when the two are developed in isolation * If the enterprise focuses only on SOA, its possible that other EA aspects are ignored. For example, legitimate needs for integration approaches and standards other than those supported by SOA (for example, point-to-point interface) may be ignored and not addressed on the enterprise level. Also, without EA organizations may fall into applying the Golden Hammer antipattern (if a hammer is your only tool, then every problem looks like a nail) and attempt to use SOA for every solution, even the ones that dont benefit from such architecture. * With line of latitude efforts to develop an SOA and EA concurrently, you might encounter inefficiencies as a result of double up efforts and missed opportunities to leverage existing architecture artifacts. Its conceivable that two teams working on developing SOA and EA can spend unne cessary time and resources producing duplicate, and sometimes contradicting. Information models, infrastructure, system-management policies, strategies, and tools.2. Have you considered a career as an enterprise architect? What bundle of courses would you put together to design a study or a track in enterprise architecture? cracking into tenuous groups with your classmates to outline the major areas that should be covered. (No need to break into small groups just outline the major areas that should be covered)To become an enterprise architect, it requires more than having a degree in engineering, architecture, IT, and business. It demands geezerhood of hands-on experience. As a graduate of Entrepreneurial Marketing I can say that I have the knowledge on how to manage a business in what ways will the business be more profitable and by what means it can sustain in this competitive economy. Nonetheless, theories are not enough for the industry to survive. To qualify as an enterpris e architect I must work for at least 8 10 years in an industry to be equipped with the right knowledge, skills, and experience on how the whole system works.The courses which may be bundled are* Engineering Courses* mechanized* Electrical* Civil* Industrial & Systems Engr (ISyE)* Business and Management Courses* Marketing* political economy* Accounting* Business Management* Investment & Financial Risk Management* Architectural Studies (Undergrad and Graduate Studies)* bump into/Master of Business Administration* MArch/Master of Computer Science* MArch/Master of Science in Civil and Engineering* Environmental Engineering (Construction Engineering and Management or Structures) * IT Courses* Master Degree Courses* Preferably MBA* Architectural Studies (cited above)* Trainings and Seminars on* Six Sigma* Business Process* Process Improvement (Innovation and Continuous Improvement) * Cross-functional Team* IT Management and scheme* Marketing and Product Management* Quality and Busin ess Planning* Enterprise Software* Enterprise Architecture* Security* Cloud Computing* vender Management* Consulting* Business Intelligence* Governance* Software Project* OutsourcingThe courses which may be bundled are Business Courses Marketing, Accounting, IT with Industrial Psychology Engineering (Mech., Automotive, Electl., Civil, Electronics, Computer) and technology courses may also be bundled with IT and Industrial Psychology. Then Sociology, Community Development, governmental Science, AB English, Psychology with IT.